Agricultural engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the design of farm machinery, the location and planning of farm structures, the farm drainage, the soil management and erosion control, the water supply and irrigation, the rural electrification, the land development, the mechanization, the automation of livestock farming, the efficient planting, the harvesting, the storage, and the processing of farm commodities.
In Agricultural engineering, you are going to use science and technology for the benefit of agriculture. Your engineering knowledge and skills will allow you to solve problems relating to such things as sustainable agricultural production, the environmental impacts of intensive agriculture and the post-harvest handling of agricultural products.
Agricultural engineers may perform the following tasks:
- Plan, supervise and manage the building of irrigation, drainage, flood and water control systems
- Design, develop and manage the manufacture of agricultural machinery, equipment and instrumentation, such as sensing, measuring and recording devices
- Plan and supervise the construction of farm and other related buildings, such as controlled environments and storage facilities
- Supervise ground preparation, seeding and harvesting, spray technology, post-harvesting and transport equipment
- Supervise the cleaning, grading, milling, mixing, food processing, packaging and distribution of produce
- Perform environmental impact assessments
- Analyse, advise and plan for effective soil conservation and the control of waterlogging and soil salinity
- Conduct research and study the results of work on farms, forests and research stations
- Prepare and present reports.
Agricultural engineers may work indoors or outdoors, in a laboratory or in an office, in a farm or in a research station.